10 terminal commands every user should know

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1. Change Directory

Command: cd

What it does: Changes the directory of the command line path.

Example: cd “path/to/directory/”

2. Listing Directory

Command: ls

What it does: Lists the contents of a directory.

Example: ls “path/to/directory/”

3. Open files

Command: open

What it does: Opens a file.

Example: open “filename”

4. Copy a file to another directory

Command: cp

Example: cp “filename” “newfilename”

5. Move a file

Command: mv

Example: mv “filename” “path/to/new/file/location”

6. Renaming a file

Command: mv

Example: mv “path/to/filename” “path/to/newfilename”

7. Create a directory

Command: mkdir

Example: mkdir “path/to/new/directory”

8. Remove an empty directory

Command: rmdir

Example: rmdir “path/to/directory”

9. Remove nested directories

Command: rm -R

Example: rm -R “/path/to/root/directory”

10. Execute commands with superuser privileges

Command: sudo

Example: sudo “command”


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